Table of Contents
Long Division
Long division is a more complex method of division that is used for problems that cannot be solved with basic division. It involves dividing a large number by a smaller number, with the quotient being written above the dividend and the remainder written next to the quotient. Long division is essential for solving complicated mathematical problems, and it is a fundamental skill that every student should learn.
The first step in long division is to write the dividend and divisor in their correct places. The dividend is the number being divided, and the divisor is the number dividing the dividend. Once you have written the dividend and divisor, you can start dividing. Divide the first digit of the dividend by the divisor, write the quotient above the dividend, and then multiply the quotient by the divisor. Subtract the product from the dividend to get the remainder. Bring down the next digit of the dividend and repeat the process until you have no more digits to bring down.
Long division is important because it allows us to solve complex mathematical problems that involve large numbers. It is used in many fields, including engineering, finance, and science. By mastering long division, you will be able to solve problems that other people cannot, and this will give you a competitive advantage in your field.
Division with Decimals
Division with decimals is a bit more complicated than basic division, but it is an essential skill that every student should learn. It involves dividing a decimal number by another decimal number, with the quotient being a decimal number. Division with decimals requires you to be comfortable with basic division and decimals, so make sure you understand those concepts before attempting division with decimals.
To divide a decimal number by another decimal number, you need to move the decimal point in both numbers. Count the number of decimal places in the divisor and move the decimal point in the dividend that same number of places to the right. This will give you a whole number that you can divide normally. Once you have the quotient, move the decimal point back to its original position in the dividend to get the final answer.
Division with decimals is important because it is used in many fields, including finance, science, and engineering. By knowing how to divide with decimals, you can perform complex calculations that are essential in these fields.
Division with Remainders
Division with remainders can be tricky, but it’s essential to understand how to do it. In some cases, the answer to a division problem cannot be divided equally, and there is a remainder left over. For example, when dividing 10 by 3, the answer is 3 with a remainder of 1.
To do division with remainders, follow the same steps as long division. However, instead of writing the answer with a decimal point, write the answer with the remainder as a fraction or a mixed number.
Let’s use the example above to illustrate how to do division with remainders:
10 ÷ 3 = 3 with a remainder of 1

Write the problem as a long division problem:
3  10

Divide the first digit of the dividend (the number being divided) by the divisor (the number dividing the dividend) and write the quotient (the answer) above the dividend:
3  10
 9

Multiply the quotient by the divisor and write the answer below the dividend:
3  10

9
3


Subtract the product from the dividend:
3  10

9
1


Bring down the next digit of the dividend:
3  10

9
1 0


Repeat steps 2 through 5 until there are no more digits in the dividend:
3  10

9
1 0

9
1


The answer is 3 with a remainder of 1. Therefore, the answer to 10 ÷ 3 is 3 1/3.
Tips and Tricks for Division
Division can be challenging, but with practice and some tips and tricks, you can improve your skills. Here are some tips and tricks to make division easier:

Use multiplication to check your answer: After you’ve completed a division problem, doublecheck your answer by multiplying the quotient by the divisor and adding the remainder. The result should be the dividend. If it’s not, go back and check your work.

Practice with flashcards: Using flashcards is an excellent way to practice division and memorize multiplication tables, which will help you with long division.

Simplify fractions before dividing: If you’re dividing fractions, simplify them first by finding a common denominator. This will make the problem easier to solve.

Break the problem down: If you’re struggling with a long division problem, break it down into smaller parts. Solve each part separately, and then put the parts together.

Avoid common mistakes: Common mistakes in division include forgetting to carry over numbers, mixing up multiplication and division, and making errors in subtraction. To avoid these mistakes, take your time, doublecheck your work, and be careful.

Practice, practice, practice: The more you practice division, the easier it will become. Try practicing with different types of division problems, such as long division, division with remainders, and division with decimals.
By following these tips and tricks, you can improve your division skills and become more confident in your abilities. Practice regularly, and soon you’ll be able to do division on paper with ease.