How To Do Research Paper

How to Do Research Paper: A Comprehensive Guide

Are you struggling to write a research paper? Do you find yourself lost in a sea of information, unsure of where to start or how to organize your thoughts? If so, don’t worry! In this comprehensive guide, we will take you through the process of writing a research paper step by step. From choosing a topic to editing and revising your final draft, this article will cover everything you need to know to produce a high-quality research paper.


Organizing your paper is crucial for a clear and effective argument.
Organizing your paper is crucial for a clear and effective argument.

First, let’s define what a research paper is. A research paper is a piece of academic writing that presents an original argument based on the author’s research. It requires the writer to investigate a topic thoroughly, analyze the information gathered, and present their findings in a clear and concise manner.

Research papers serve an essential purpose in academia. They allow students and researchers to contribute new knowledge to their field of study, build upon existing theories, and challenge established ideas. Writing a research paper is a valuable skill that will not only help you succeed academically but also in your future career.

Choosing a Topic

The first step in writing a research paper is choosing a topic. It’s essential to select a topic that interests you and is relevant to your field of study. When selecting a topic, consider the scope of your assignment, the length of your paper, and the availability of resources.

Brainstorming Ideas

To generate ideas, start by brainstorming a list of topics that interest you. Write down everything that comes to mind, even if it seems irrelevant at first. Once you have a list, go through and eliminate any topics that are too broad, too narrow, or not relevant to your assignment.

Narrowing Down Your Topic

Once you have a list of potential topics, it’s time to narrow them down. Select a topic that is specific enough to be manageable but broad enough to provide you with enough information to write a complete research paper. If you’re having trouble narrowing down your topic, try conducting some preliminary research to get a better idea of what information is available.

By following these steps, you’ll be well on your way to choosing a strong and relevant topic for your research paper.

Conducting Research

Now that you have a topic, it’s time to start researching. The research process can be time-consuming, but it’s essential to gather as much information as possible to support your argument. Here are some tips for conducting effective research:

Types of Sources

There are many different types of sources you can use for your research paper. These include books, academic journals, newspapers, magazines, government publications, and websites. When selecting sources, make sure they are relevant, reliable, and up to date. Be sure to check the credibility of the sources you use, as unreliable sources can weaken your argument.

Finding Reliable Sources

To find reliable sources, start by using academic databases such as JSTOR, ProQuest, or Google Scholar. These databases provide access to a wide range of academic sources, including peer-reviewed articles, academic journals, and books. You can also use library catalogs or search engines such as Google or Bing. When using search engines, make sure to use advanced search options to filter your results by date, language, and source type.

Taking Effective Notes

Once you have found your sources, it’s essential to take effective notes. Organize your notes by source and topic, and make sure to include relevant information such as the author, title, and publication date. When taking notes, avoid copying and pasting entire sections of text. Instead, summarize the information in your own words, making sure to cite your sources properly.

Organizing Your Paper

Now that you have gathered your research, it’s time to organize your paper. A well-organized research paper will have a clear structure and flow, making it easier for the reader to follow your argument. Here are some tips for organizing your paper:

Creating an Outline

Creating an outline is an essential step in organizing your paper. An outline will help you structure your paper and ensure that your argument flows logically. Start by creating a rough outline of your paper, including your introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. Then, go back and revise your outline, making sure that each section supports your thesis statement.

Developing a Thesis Statement

Your thesis statement is the central argument of your paper. It should be clear, concise, and specific. Your thesis statement should be included in your introduction and should guide the rest of your paper. Make sure that your thesis statement is supported by the evidence you have gathered in your research.

Structuring Your Paper

Once you have created an outline and developed your thesis statement, it’s time to structure your paper. Your paper should have an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Each paragraph should focus on a single idea or argument, and the entire paper should flow logically from one idea to the next. Use transitions to make smooth connections between paragraphs and sections.

Writing Your Paper

Once you have completed your research and organized your notes, it’s time to start writing your paper. The writing process should begin with creating an outline to help you structure your paper and develop your argument. The outline should include your thesis statement, the main points you will discuss, and any supporting evidence.

Writing the Introduction

The introduction is the first section of your research paper, and it should grab your reader’s attention and provide them with an overview of what your research paper is about. The introduction should include your thesis statement and provide context for your paper. You can also use the introduction to define key terms or concepts that will be discussed in your paper.

Developing Your Argument

The body of your research paper should develop and support your argument. Each paragraph should focus on a single point, and each point should be supported by evidence. The evidence can come from your research or other sources, such as case studies or expert opinions. As you write, make sure to use clear and concise language that is easy for your reader to follow.

Using Evidence to Support Your Argument

Using evidence to support your argument is essential in writing a research paper. Evidence can include facts, statistics, case studies, and expert opinions. When using evidence, make sure to cite your sources properly to avoid plagiarism. Use in-text citations and create a works cited page to give credit to the sources you used.

Writing the Conclusion

The conclusion is the final section of your research paper, and it should provide a summary of your main points and restate your thesis statement. The conclusion should also provide your reader with a sense of closure and leave them with something to think about. You can also use the conclusion to discuss the implications of your research or suggest areas for future research.

Editing and Revising

After you have written your research paper, it’s essential to edit and revise it thoroughly. Editing and revising will help you identify any errors in your writing, improve the clarity and flow of your paper, and ensure that your argument is clear and concise.

Reviewing Your Paper

The first step in editing and revising your research paper is to review it thoroughly. Go through your paper paragraph by paragraph and sentence by sentence, looking for errors in spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Make sure that your sentences are clear and concise and that your argument is easy for your reader to follow.

Making Necessary Changes

After you have reviewed your paper, make any necessary changes. This may include rewriting sentences, adding or deleting information, or reorganizing your paper’s structure. Make sure that your paper flows logically and that your argument is supported by evidence.

Proofreading Your Paper

Finally, proofread your paper to ensure that it is error-free. Check for spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors, and make sure that your citations are correct. You can also have someone else read your paper to provide feedback and catch any errors that you may have missed.

By following these steps, you can produce a well-written and well-researched paper that is sure to impress your readers.